A Complete List of Diabetes Medications

Diabetes Overview

Diabetes is a condition that prompts elevated amounts of blood glucose (or sugar) in the body. This happens when your body can't make or utilize insulin like it should. Insulin is a substance that enables your body to utilize the sugar from the nourishment you eat.

There are two distinct sorts of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Individuals with both types of diabetes need medicines to help keep their glucose levels typical. The type of medications that can treat you contingent upon the kind of diabetes you have. This article gives you data about medications that treat both sorts of diabetes to help give you a thought of the treatment choices accessible to you.

Medicines for type 1 diabetes 

What Is The Goal Of Treatment If I Have Type 1 Diabetes?

In the event that you have sort 1 diabetes, your body can't make its own particular insulin. The objective of treatment is to supplant the insulin that your body can't make.


Insulin is the most widely recognized kind of pharmaceutical utilized as a part of type 1 diabetes treatment. It's likewise utilized as a part of type 2 diabetes treatment. It's given by infusion and comes in various sorts. The kind of insulin you require relies on upon how extreme your insulin exhaustion is. Alternatives include:
Short-acting insulin
regular insulin (Humulin and Novolin)
Rapid-acting insulins

  • insulin Aspart(NovoLog, FlexPen)
  • insulin glulisine (Apidra)
  • insulin lispro (Humalog)
  • Intermediate-acting insulin
  • insulin isophane (Humulin N, Novolin N)

Long-acting insulins

  • insulin degludec (Tresiba)
  • insulin detemir (Levemir)
  • insulin glargine (Lantus)
  • insulin glargine (Toujeo)

Combination insulins

  • NovoLog Mix 70/30 (insulin as part protamine-insulin aspart)
  • Humalog Mix 75/25 (insulin lispro protamine-insulin lispro)
  • Humalog Mix 50/50 (insulin lispro protamine-insulin lispro)
  • Humulin 70/30 (human insulin NPH-human insulin regular)
  • Novolin 70/30 (human insulin NPH-human insulin regular)
  • Ryzodeg (insulin degludec-insulin aspart)

Amylinomimetic drug

Pramlintide (SymlinPen 120, SymlinPen 60) is an amylinomimetic drug. It’s an injectable drug used before meals. It works by delaying the time your stomach takes to empty itself. It reduces glucagon secretion after meals. This lowers your blood sugar. It also reduces appetite through a central mechanism.

Medicine for Type 2 diabetes 

Most medicines for Type 2 diabetes are oral medications. Be that as it may, a couple comes as infusions. A few people with Type 2 diabetes may likewise need to take insulin.

acarbose (Precose)
miglitol (Glyset)

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors 

These meds enable your body to separate dull sustenances and table sugar. This impact brings down your glucose levels. For the best outcomes, you ought to take these medications before dinners. These medications include:

  • metformin-alogliptin 
  • metformin-canagliflozin 
  • metformin-dapagliflozin 
  • metformin-empagliflozin 
  • metformin-glipizide
  • metformin-glyburide 
  • metformin-linagliptin 
  • metformin-pioglitazone 
  • metformin-repaglinide 
  • metformin-rosiglitazone 
  • metformin-saxagliptin 
  • metformin-sitagliptin 


Biguanides diminish how much sugar your liver makes. They diminish how much sugar your digestion tracts retain, make your body more touchy to insulin, and enable your muscles to ingest glucose. The most widely recognized biguanide is metformin (Glucophage, Metformin Hydrochloride ER, Glumetza, Riomet, Fortamet).

  • alogliptin 
  • alogliptin-metformin 
  • alogliptin-pioglitazone 
  • linagliptin 
  • linagliptin-empagliflozin 
  • linagliptin-metformin 
  • saxagliptin 
  • saxagliptin-metformin 
  • sitagliptin 
  • sitagliptin-metformin 
  • sitagliptin and simvastatin 

Metformin can likewise be consolidated with different medications for sort 2 diabetes. It's a fixing in the accompanying pharmaceuticals:


  • glimepiride 
  • glimepiride-pioglitazone 
  • glimepiride-rosiglitazone 
  • gliclazide
  • glipizide 
  • glipizide-metformin 
  • glyburide 
  • glyburide-metformin 
  • chlorpropamide 
  • tolazamide 
  • tolbutamide 

No comments: